AbstractIn Anatolia, numerous bridges have been constructed throughout history for essential reasons. It is important to preserve the bridges and hand them down to the future generations as they have hints regarding the materials and construction techniques used in the past. Irgandi Bridge located on Gökdere in Bursa city, which is the first capital of the Ottoman Empire, has a special importance among bridges around the world. It is one of the few bridges around the world, which have had commercial activities with shops on it along with the purpose of transportation. This symbolic structure in terms of cultural, historical and constructional aspects is located in Bursa which includes 1st degree seismic hazard zone. Therefore, preservation of the bridge requires investigation of its seismic performance and taking necessary precautions. Irgandi Bridge was modeled by ANSYS software using finite element method (FEM). Convergence study was performed to determine the accurate number of elements. Modal and linear dynamic analysis of the Irgandi Bridge was conducted after the number of elements were determined by the convergence study. Therefore, seven earthquake records were scaled and performed to the system according to EC-8 (Eurocode-8). Stress distributions and displacements were examined as a result of linear dynamic analysis. It was determined that the maximum displacement occurred at the top of the bridge and the principal stress occurred in the support regions. As a result of the analyses, it was proposed to strengthen the support parts of the bridge, which were determined to be damaged under earthquake impact.
Rouf MA. Fundamental properties of brickwork with particular emphasis to brickwork arches. Diss. University of Liverpool 1984.
Zhang Y. Advanced nonlinear analysis of masonry arch bridges. Diss. Imperial College London 2014.
Lourenço PB. Computational strategies for masonry structures. Diss. Delft University of Technology 1996.
Lourenço PB. Current experimental and numerical issues in masonry research. In: Lourenço PB, Barros JO, Oliveira DV, editor. 6º Congresso Nacional de Sismologia e Engenharia Sísmica. Guimarães - Portugal 2004. Universidade do Minho 2004; pp. 119-136.
Liu GR, Quek SS, The finite element method: A practical course, 2nd ed. Butterworth-Heinemann an imprint of Elsevier Science Linacre House: Oxford 2013.
ANSYS. Swanson Analysis System, Ansys Inc, Canonsburg, PA, 2013.
ACI Committee 318 Building code requirements for structural concrete (ACI 318-95) and commentary (318R-95), American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich., 1995.
Look BG, Handbook of geotechnical investigation and design table, 1st ed. Taylor and Francis: London 2007. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203946602
Ril 805. Guideline for load and resistance assessment of existing European railway bridges: Advices on the use of advanced methods, COWI A/S, 2007.
EN 1996-1-1: Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures. Part 1‐1: General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures, 2004.
Ersoy HY. Composite material, 1st ed. Literatür Publishing Company: Istanbul 2001. (in Turkish).
Pelà L. Aprile A. Benedetti A. Comparison of seismic assessment procedures for masonry arch bridges. Construction and Building Materials 2013; 38: 381-394. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.08.046
Kurtoğlu A. Material-weight relationships in wood. Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University (in Turkish) 1983; 34(1): 150-163.
Republic of Turkey General Directorate of Highways. Technical guide for the development of design and construction technologies, Ankara (in Turkish) 2016.
Eyüpgiller KK, Ersen A, Özgen K. Irgandi Bridge restoration and reconstruction implementation, Yapı Dergisi (in Turkish) 2004; 273: 75-80.
EN 1998- 1: Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance. Part 1: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings, 2005.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology