Cultural Conflict Related to Ankara’s Housing Problem


housing problem

How to Cite

Nazan Kirci. Cultural Conflict Related to Ankara’s Housing Problem. Int. J. Archit. Eng. Technol. [Internet]. 2014 Nov. 20 [cited 2022 Jul. 3];1(1):25-32. Available from:


 This study assesses reflections of the structure of culture that is in search of integrity in the architectural and urban context and follows a number of examples from Ankara in doing so. Ankara’s nomination as the capital of the country was an effort at modernization of Anatolia. Apparently slum areas in Ankara commenced during the modernization process. Contrary to hybridization effects of postmodern globalization, the gap among socio-cultural levels in Turkey is enlarged and has caused deterioration affecting architectural unity. The solution of this problems continue to be urban transformation of slum areas within removal projects or to conceal the disreputable appearance of houses. As a result of interaction between different social groups, individual needs and desires of slum dwellers have changed. Since they are belong to neither rural nor urban culture, the aspiration of low-income groups to become part of the consumption society need to be examined through interdisciplinary studies and appropriate solutions in architecture developed accordingly.


Lewis J. Cultural Studies The Basics Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Sage Publications, The Cromwell Press Ltd. 2002; pp. 26,43,30, 334, 351, 355.

Rapoport A. House Form and Culture, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall 1969.

Duncan SJ. House As a Symbol Of Social Structure, Altman, Werner Editors, Home Environments. New York: Plenum 1985.

Bourdieu P. The Logic of Practice. trans. Richard Nice, Stanford: Stanford University Press 1990.

Couldry N. Inside Culture Re-Imagining the Method of Cultural Studies. Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Sage Publication, The Cromwell Press Ltd. 2000; p. 96.

Cowen T. Creative Destruction How Globalization is Changing the World’s Culture. USA: Princeton University Press 2002; pp. 129-130.

Bozdogan S. Modernizm and Nation Building Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early Republic Singapore, University of Washington Press 2001; pp. 153.

Sozen M. Republic Term Turkish Architecture (1923-1983), Turkiye Is Bank Culture Publishing : 246, Republic Series: 9, Ankara: Tisa Press 1984; pp. 27-273

Bektas C. Republic of Our Architecture, Izmir, Izmir Branch of the Chamber of Architects 2000; p. 36.

Lefebvre H. The Production of Space, trans. Donald Nicholson- Smith Cambridge: Blackwell 1974; p. 59

Tekeli I. Urbanization Reviews on Turkey, Ankara, Turhan Publishing, Scientific Works Series 13. Economic and Social Research 1982; 3: pp. 55, 69

Berner E. Opportunities and insecurities: Globalisation, localities and the struggle for urban land in Manila. The European Journal of Development Research 1997; 9(1): 167-182.

Jay M. Dialectic Imagination Frankfurt School and Historic and Social Researches Institute. trans. Oskay U., 1923-1950, Istanbul, Ara Edition, Philosophy Series 7, 1989; pp. 7,8.

Tekeli I. Transformation Term in Countryside and Town: Dependant Urbanization, The Chamber of Architects Publishing: 18, Ankara, Nuve Press 1977.

Senyapılı T. Slum Evaluation in Ankara (1923-1960) Batikent Housing Construction Union, Ankara: Ozgun Press 1985; pp. 74, 79, 115.

Burayidi AM. The Multicultural City as Planners' Enigma. Planning Theory & Practice 2003; (4:3): 259 -273.

Atkinson R, Blandy S. Introduction: International Perspectives on the New Enclavism and the Rise of Gated Communities, Housing Studies 2005; (20): 177-186.

Waters M. Modernity Critical Concept, Volume IV After Modernity, Padstow: Cornwall, Routledge, T.J.I Digital 2003; p. 4.

Nock M. The Mexican Pesantry and the Ejido in the Neoliberal Period, (ed) Bryceson, Kay and Mooij. Disappearing Peasantries? Rural Labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America, London 2000.

Davis M. Planet of Slums: Urban Involution and the Informal Working Class. trans: Gürol Koca, Istanbul: Metis Publishing Ltd. 2006.

Geertz C. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essay. New York: Basic Books 1973.

Jordanova L. Sexual Visions London: Harvester Wheatsheaf 1989.

Mumford L. The Culture of Cities. Westport: Greenwood Press 1970.

Rapoport The Meaning of the Built Environment, A nonverbal Communication Approach, Tucson, USA: The University of Arizona Press 1982.

Ozaki R. Housing as a Reflection of Culture: Privatised Living and Privacy in England and Japan. Housing Studies 2002; 17(2): 209-227.

Ankara Branch of the Chamber of Architects, Urbanization Commitee in Turkey, Urbanization in Turkey, Ankara, GIM Guzel Istanbul Press 1971; p. 56.

Akay A. Capitalism and Pop Culture, Ankara: Baglam Press 2002; 190: p. 43.

Gilbert A, Gugler J. Cities, Poverty and Development Urbanization in the Third World, Second Edition, Great Britain: Oxford University Press 1996; p. 136.

Gwyther G. The Doctrine of Social Mix in the Mobile Society: A Theoretical Perspective. Housing, Theory and Society 2009; 2(26): 143 -156.

Guvenc B. ABC of Culture Istanbul: Yapi Kredi Edition. 1997; p. 85, 87.

Hanson J. Decoding Homes and Houses UK: Cambridge University Press 1998; pp. 61-72.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2014 International Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology