Female Students’ Fear of Crime and It’s Correlation with the Environmental Features of the Campus


College campus
fear of crime
crime occurrence
environmental characteristics

How to Cite

Kyung-Hoon Lee, Young-Ho Bang. Female Students’ Fear of Crime and It’s Correlation with the Environmental Features of the Campus . Int. J. Archit. Eng. Technol. [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Aug. 12];2(2):103-12. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/index.php/ijaet/article/view/377


The purpose of this study is to create safer campus outdoor spaces for female students during the night. For this, a literature review, a mapping survey of criminally vulnerable spots, and a questionnaire were carried out to derive the environmental characteristics affecting the fear of crime and to measure the fear of crime felt by female students at the outdoor spaces of campus. Based on the survey, the correlation between the fear of crime of female students and environmental characteristics of outdoor spaces was analyzed. This study is significant in suggesting ways to alleviate the female students' fear of crime in the college campus.



National Police Agency. A police white paper, National Police Agency 2010.

Ryu HJ, Park EK and Ha MK. A study on environmental designs for a safe campus from crimes: based on the collegian’s perceptions of on-campus crimes and fear of crimes. Journal of Architectural Institute of Korea 2010; 26(8): 97-106.

Ferraro KF and LaGrange R. The measurement of fear of crime, Sociological Inquiry 2007; 57(1): 71-101.

Garofalo J and Laub J. The fear of crime: broadening our perspectives, Victimology 1979; 3(3/4): 242-253.

Furstenberg FJr. Public reaction to crime in the streets, The American Scholar 1971; 40(4): 601-610.

Lee YH. Fear of Crime: It’s causes and responses. Korean Criminological Review 1992; 4(1); 27-44.

Park CH. Crime victimization, community integration and fear of crime: based on Intensive Interviews with college students, Victimology Study 2005; 13(1): 51-77.

Fisher BS and Nasar JL. Fear of crime in relation to three exterior site features: prospect, refuge, and escape. Environment and Behavior 1992; 24(1): 35-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013916592241002

McPheters LR. Econometric analysis of factors influencing crime on the campus. Journal of Criminal Justice 1978; 6(1): 47-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0047-2352(78)90038-7

Fernandez A and Lizotte AJ. An analysis of the relationship between campus crime and community crime: Reciprocal effects? Campus Crime: Legal, Social, and Policy Perspectives. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas 1995.

Brantingham P and Brantingham P. Crime and fear of crime at a Canadian university, Charles C Thomas Publisher Ltd. 1995.

Choi IS and Kim JS. A study on the public fear of crime in Seoul. Research Report 96-09. Korean Institute of Criminology 1996.

Park CH. Crime victimization in Korean campus. Research Report 01-05, Korean Institute of Criminology 2001.

Yoon SJ, Lee SJ and Kang SJ. A study on the applicable factors for the crime-free campus focused on the CPTED. Journal of Architectural Institute of Korea 2012; 28(3): 119-126.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology