Modified Effectiveness Model for Crossflow Packed-Bed Humidifiers

Authors

  • Robert Zinni University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
  • Mostafa H. Sharqawy University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15377/2409-5826.2018.05.4

Keywords:

Humidifier, Cross-flow, Packed-bed, Effectiveness, Analytical model, Heat capacity ratio.

Abstract

 A model for the energy effectiveness of cross-flow packed-bed humidifiers is developed and compared with experimental data. The effectiveness of the humidifier is defined as the sensible and latent heat transferred to the air to the maximum total energy available to the humidified air. Simultaneous heat and mass transfer models; available in the literature and originally developed forwent counter flow cooling towers, are utilized to develop a modified model in this paper. The main modification added to that model is a definition of the heat capacity ratio that combines the simultaneous heat and mass transfer transport in that cross-flow packed-bed humidifiers. It was found that the mixed-mixed crossflow heat exchanger effectiveness relationship developed by Kays and London agrees well with the experimental data with an average deviation of less than 10%. The mixed-unmixed correlation developed by Kays and London [12] which was recommended by Jaber and Webb is found to have larger deviation from the experimental measurements occurred at higher heat capacity ratios.

Author Biographies

Robert Zinni, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada

School of Engineering

Mostafa H. Sharqawy, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada

School of Engineering

References

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Kloppers J and Kröger D. A critical investigation into the heat and mass transfer analysis of crossflow wet cooling towers, Numerical Heat Transfer 2010; 46: 785-806. https://doi.org/10.1080/104077890504113

Kloppers J and Kröger D. A critical investigation into the heat and mass transfer analysis of counterflow wet-cooling towers, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 2004; 48: 765-777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2004.09.004

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Kays WM, London AL. Compact Heat Exchangers, 3 ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1984.

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Published

2018-07-12

How to Cite

1.
Robert Zinni, Mostafa H. Sharqawy. Modified Effectiveness Model for Crossflow Packed-Bed Humidifiers. J. Adv. Therm. Sci. Res. [Internet]. 2018Jul.12 [cited 2021Sep.26];5(1):27-33. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/jms/index.php/jatsr/article/view/867

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