Potential of Cattle Manure Ash to Improve Soil Fertility and Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) Growth in the Adamawa Region (Cameroon)

Authors

  • D. Nwaga University of Yaounde I
  • B.P. Bougnom University of Yaounde I
  • C. Megueni University of Ngaoundéré
  • J. Mouna University of Ngaoundéré

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15377/2409-9813.2014.01.02.1

Keywords:

Cattle manure ash, Groundnut, Soil fertility, Adamawa, Cameroon.

Abstract

Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) production is a key farming activity in Cameroon, since it substantially contributes to human nutrition, economic wealth of farmers and soil fertility. Most cropping systems in sub Saharan Africa are limited by low soil fertility and subjected to the slash-and-burn agriculture. A study was conducted to investigate the potential of cattle manure ash, derived from cooking activities as soil conditioner in order to improve soil fertility and groundnut performances in two sites in the Adamawa region (Cameroon). The results showed that cattle manure ash slightly increased soil pH, soil moisture, SOM, Corg and C/N ratio in amended plots. Cattle manure ash improved nodule weight and increased arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonization in one site, that was translated to better N assimilation, and dry weight of both groundnut varieties used in the study. Future studies are needed to evaluate the full potential of cattle manure ash application, alone and/or associated with others organic wastes for sustainable agriculture in the tropics.

Author Biographies

D. Nwaga, University of Yaounde I

Soil Microbiology

B.P. Bougnom, University of Yaounde I

Soil Microbiology

C. Megueni, University of Ngaoundéré

Biological Sciences

J. Mouna, University of Ngaoundéré

Biological Sciences

References

Mekontchou T, Ngueguim M, Fobasso M. Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Components of Selected Peanut Breeding Lines (Arachis hypogaea L.) in the North Province of Cameroon. Tropicultura 2006; 24 (2): 90-94.

Anonymous. Statistic files for Agricultural sector. Division of study and agricultural projects. Yaoundé, Cameroon. MINAGRI, N°006; 2000.

Bationo A, Kimetu J, Ikerra S, Kimani S, Mugendi D, Odendo M, et al. The African network for soil biology and fertility: new challenges and opportunities. In: Bationo A, editor. Managing nutrient cycles to sustain soil fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Nairobi: Academy Science Publications; 2004. P. 1-23.

Haynes RJ, Mokolobate MS. Amelioration of Al toxicity and P deficiency in acid soils by additions of organic residues: a critical review of the phenomenon and the mechanisms involved. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 2001; 59: 47-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009823600950

Bougnom BP, Knapp BA, Etoa F-X, Insam H. Possible use of wood ash and compost for improving acid tropical soils, In: Insam H, Knapp BA, editors. Recycling of Biomass Ashes. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg; 2011; 87-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19354-5_7

Mekontchou T. La défense des cultures de l’arachide, synthèse par pays et organismes. Cameroun. In: Arachide Infos 1990; 3: 31.

Nwaga D. Why should we develop a programme for biological agriculture to improve food production and soil fertility by a low input technology. Biosci Proc 2001; 8: 13-33.

Nwaga D, Jansa J, Abossolo Angue M, Frossard E. The potential of soil beneficial micro-organisms for slash-andburn agriculture in the humid forest zone of Sub Saharan Africa. In: Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics. Dion P, editor. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg; Chapter 2010; 5: 81-107.

IRZ/GTZ. Livestock Farming Systems in Adamawa, Research Report No 1, Wakwa Cameroon; 1989; P. 96.

Saarsalmi A, Kukkola M, Moilanen M, Arola M. Long-term effect of ash and N fertilization on stand growth, tree nutrient status and soil chemistry in a Scots pine stand forest. Ecol Manag 2006; 235: 116-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.004

FAO. Guidelines for soil description. 4th ed. 2006.

Ben-Dor E, Banin EA. Determination of organic matter content in arid zone soils using a simple “loss-on-ignition” method. Commun. Soil Sci Plant Anal 1989; 20: 1675-1695. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103628909368175

Olsen, SR, Sommers, LE. Phosphorus, In: Page AL, editor. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, 2nd edition. Agron Monogr ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI; 1982; 9: 403-429.

Kormanik PP, Mc Graw AC. Quantification of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizae in plant roots. In: Schenck NC, editor. Methods and principles of mycorrhizal research. The American Phytopathological Society, St Paul, Minnesota; 1982; 37-45.

Athar M, Johnson DA. Nodulation, biomass production, and nitrogen fixation in alfalfa under drought. J of Plant Nutr 1996; 19: 185-199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01904169609365116

Bougnom BP, Mair J, Etoa FX, Insam H. Composts with wood ash addition: a risk or a chance for ameliorating acid tropical soils? Geoderma 2009; 153: 402- 407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.09.003

Martius C, Tiessen H, Vlek PG. Introduction-the management of organic matter in tropical soils: what are the priorities? In: Martius C, Tiessen H, Vlek PLG, editors. Management of Organic Matter in Tropical Soils: Scope and Limitations. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht; 2001; P. 1-6.

Scholes RJ, Dalal R, Singer S. Soil physics and fertility: the effects of water, temperature and texture. In: Woomer PL, Swift MJ, editors. The Biological Management of Soil Fertility. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester; 1994; 117-136.

Batjes NH. Total carbon and nitrogen in soils of the world. Eur J Soil Sci 1996; 47: 151-163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1996.tb01386.x

Jenkinson DS, Ayanaba A. Decomposition of carbon-14 labeled plant material under tropical conditions. Soil Sci.Soc.Am.J 1977; 41(5): 912-915. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1977.03615995004100050020 x

Liu Y, Shi G, Mao L, Cheng G, Jiang S et al. Direct and indirect influences of 8 years of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on Glomeromycota in an alpine meadow ecosystem. New Phytol 2012; 194: 523-535. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04050.x

Hu Y, Rillig MC, Xiang D, Hao Z, Chen B. Changes of AM fungal abundance along environmental gradients in the arid and semi-arid grasslands of northern China. PLOS One 2013; 8: e57593. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057593

Foy CD. Physiological effects of hydrogen, aluminum, and manganese toxicities in acid soil. In: Adams F editor. Soil Acidity and Liming. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, WI 1984; P57-97.

Kochian LV, Hoekenga OA, Pineros MA. How do crop plants tolerate acid soils? Mechanisms of aluminum tolerance and phosphorous efficiency. Annu Rev Plant Biol 2004; 55: 459- 493. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.55.031903.141655

Kopecky MJ, Meyer NL, Wasko W. Using industrial wood ash as a soil amendement. In: Nitrogen credits for Manure Applications. University of Wisconsin; USA 2000.

Giller KE, Tittonell P, Rufino MC, van Wijk MT, Zingore S, Mapfumo P, et al. Communicating complexity: Integrated assessment of trade-offs concerning soil fertility management within African farming systems to support innovation and development. Agricultural Systems 2011; 104: 191-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2010.07.002

Downloads

Published

2014-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Nwaga D, Bougnom B, Megueni C, Mouna J. Potential of Cattle Manure Ash to Improve Soil Fertility and Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) Growth in the Adamawa Region (Cameroon). Glob. J. Agric. Innov. Res. Dev [Internet]. 2014Dec.31 [cited 2021Jun.17];1(2):39-44. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/jms/index.php/gjaird/article/view/162

Issue

Section

Articles