Preparation and Characterization of GG-LiCF3SO3-DMSO Gel Polymer Electrolyte for Potential Lithium-Ion Battery Application
PDF

Keywords

Lithium-ion battery
Charge carrier mobility
Equivalent circuit model
Charge carrier concentration
Conductivity-temperature dependent

How to Cite

1.
Daud N, Tamchek N, Noor I. Preparation and Characterization of GG-LiCF3SO3-DMSO Gel Polymer Electrolyte for Potential Lithium-Ion Battery Application. J. Adv. Therm. Sci. Res. [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 20 [cited 2023 Jan. 28];9:69-83. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/index.php/jatsr/article/view/1282

Funding data

Abstract

This work uses gellan gum (GG) natural polymer as the base polymer to prepare gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs). Lithium trifluoromethanesulfonate (LiCF3SO3) salt is used as a charge supplier, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) acts as a plasticizer to keep the electrolyte in gel form. Two electrolyte systems are formed, which are LiCF3SO3-DMSO liquid electrolytes and GG-LiCF3SO3-DMSO GPEs. Liquid electrolyte with a composition of 12.42 wt.% LiCF3SO3-87.58 wt.% DMSO (LN3 electrolyte) revealed the highest room temperature conductivity (σrt) of 9.14 mS cm-1. The highest σrt value obtained by the LN3 electrolyte is strongly influenced by the charge carrier concentration (n) relative to the mobility (µ). To form GPEs, GG is added to the LN3 electrolyte since this sample composition gave the highest σrt. The electrolyte of 2.00 wt.% GG-12.18 wt.% LiCF3SO3-85.82 wt.% DMSO (GN3 electrolyte) showed the highest σrt of 9.96 mS cm-1. The highest σrt value obtained by GN3 electrolyte is strongly influenced by µ rather than n. The conductivity-temperature study showed that the increase in conductivity for GG-LiCF3SO3-DMSO GPEs is controlled by an increase in n, not µ. Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) for the GN3 electrolyte showed high electrochemical stability up to 4.8 V. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) illustrated the redox process in the GN3 electrolyte is reversible. A lithium-ion battery fabricated with GN3 electrolyte showed a good discharge performance up to 480 hours with an average voltage of 1.50 V discharged at a current of 0.001 mA. Based on this work, it can be concluded that natural polymer GG-based GPE has great potential for use in LIBs as a charge transport medium.

https://doi.org/10.15377/2409-5826.2022.09.6
PDF

References

Bullard N. This Is the Dawning of the Age of the Battery. Bloomberg Green. 2020; 17: 12.

Liu K, Liu Y, Lin D, Pei A, Cui Y. Materials for lithium-ion battery safety. Sci Adv. 2018; 4(6): eaas9820. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aas9820

Manthiram A. An outlook on lithium ion battery technology. ACS Cent Sci. 2017; 3(10): 1063-9. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.7b00288

Francis CFJ, Kyratzis IL, Best AS. Lithium‐ion battery separators for ionic‐liquid electrolytes: a review. Adv Mater. 2020; 32(18): 1904205. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201904205

Kim JG, Son B, Mukherjee S, Schuppert N, Bates A, Kwon O, et al. A review of lithium and non-lithium based solid state batteries. J Power Sources. 2015; 282: 299-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.02.054

Arya A, Sharma AL. Polymer electrolytes for lithium ion batteries: a critical study. Ionics. 2017; 23(3): 497-540. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-016-1908-6

Dong D, Zhou B, Sun Y, Zhang H, Zhong G, Dong Q, et al. Polymer electrolyte glue: A universal interfacial modification strategy for all-solid-state Li batteries. Nano Lett. 2019; 19(4): 2343-9. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b05019

Zhou Q, Ma J, Dong S, Li X, Cui G. Intermolecular chemistry in solid polymer electrolytes for high‐energy‐density lithium batteries. Adv Mater. 2019; 31(50): 1902029. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201902029

Lin Z, Guo X, Wang Z, Wang B, He S, O'Dell LA, et al. A wide-temperature superior ionic conductive polymer electrolyte for lithium metal battery. Nano Energy. 2020; 73: 104786. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.104786

Jiang Y, Yan X, Ma Z, Mei P, Xiao W, You Q, et al. Development of the PEO based solid polymer electrolytes for all-solid state lithium ion batteries. Polymers. 2018; 10(11): 1237. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10111237

Li W, Pang Y, Liu J, Liu G, Wang Y, Xia Y. A PEO-based gel polymer electrolyte for lithium ion batteries. RSC Adv. 2017; 7(38): 23494-501. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7RA02603J

Nofal MM, Aziz SB, Ghareeb HO, Hadi JM, Dannoun EMA, Al-Saeedi SI. Impedance and dielectric properties of PVC: NH4I solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs): Steps toward the fabrication of SPEs with high resistivity. Materials 2022; 15(6): 2143. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15062143

Kurapati S, Gunturi SS, Nadella KJ, Erothu H. Novel solid polymer electrolyte based on PMMA: CH3COOLi effect of salt concentration on optical and conductivity studies. Polym Bull. 2019; 76(10): 5463-81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-018-2659-5

Zhang B, Zhang Y, Zhang N, Liu J, Cong L, Liu J, et al. Synthesis and interface stability of polystyrene-poly (ethylene glycol)-polystyrene triblock copolymer as solid-state electrolyte for lithium-metal batteries. J Power Sources. 2019; 428: 93-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.04.033

Rani ASM, Rudhziah S, Ahmad A, Mohamed NS. Biopolymer Electrolyte based on derivatives of cellulose from kenaf bast fiber. Polymers. 2014; 6: 2371-85. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym6092371

Rayung M, Min AM, Christirani AS, Chuah AL, Sukor SM, Ahmad A, et al. Bio-based polymer electrolytes for electrochemical devices: insight into the ionic conductivity performance. Materials 2020; 13(4): 838. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13040838

Hamsan MH, Aziz SB, Nofal MM, Brza MA, Abdulwahid RT, Hadi JM, et al. Characteristics of EDLC device fabricated from plasticized chitosan: MgCl2 based polymer electrolyte. J Mater Res Technol. 2020; 9(5): 10635-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.07.096

Abisharani JM, Balamurugan S, Thomas A, Devikala S, Arthanareeswari M, Ganesan S, et al. Incorporation of organic additives with electron rich donors (N, O, S) in gelatin gel polymer electrolyte for dye sensitized solar cells. Sol Energy. 2021; 218: 552-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2021.03.007

Colò F, Bella F, Nair JR, Destro M, Gerbaldi C. Cellulose-based novel hybrid polymer electrolytes for green and efficient Na-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta. 2015; 174: 185-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2015.05.178

Lin Y, Li J, Liu K, Liu Y, Liu J, Wang X. Unique starch polymer electrolyte for high capacity all-solid-state lithium sulfur battery. Green Chem. 2016; 18(13): 3796-803. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6GC00444J

Muthukrishnan M, Shanthi C, Selvasekarapandian S, Manjuladevi R, Perumal P, Selvin CP. Synthesis and characterization of pectin-based biopolymer electrolyte for electrochemical applications. Ionics 2019; 25(1): 203-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-018-2568-5

Shaari N, Kamarudin SK, Basri S, Shyuan LK, Masdar MS, Nordin D. Enhanced mechanical flexibility and performance of sodium alginate polymer electrolyte bio‐membrane for application in direct methanol fuel cell. J Appl Polym Sci. 2018; 135(37): 46666. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.46666

Priya SS, Karthika M, Selvasekarapandian S, Manjuladevi R. Preparation and characterization of polymer electrolyte based on biopolymer I-Carrageenan with magnesium nitrate. Solid State Ion. 2018; 327: 136-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2018.10.031

Noor IM. Determination of charge carrier transport properties of gellan gum-lithium triflate solid polymer electrolyte from vibrational spectroscopy. High Perform Polym. 2020; 32(2): 168-74. https://doi.org/10.1177/0954008319890016

Noor ISM, Majid SR, Arof AK, Djurado D, Claro Neto S, Pawlicka A. Characteristics of gellan gum-LiCF3SO3 polymer electrolytes. Solid State Ion. 2012; 225: 649-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2012.03.019

Iwata T. Biodegradable and bio‐based polymers: future prospects of eco‐friendly plastics. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2015; 54(11): 3210-5. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201410770

Dave PN, Gor A. Natural polysaccharide-based hydrogels and nanomaterials: Recent trends and their applications. In: Hussain CM, Eds. Handbook of nanomaterials for industrial applications. 1st ed. Elsevier: 2018; pp. 36-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813351-4.00003-1

Gupta S, Variyar PS. Guar gum: a versatile polymer for the food industry. In: Grumezescu AM, Holban AM, Eds. Biopolymers for food design. Academic Press: 2018; pp. 383-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-811449-0.00012-8

Halim NFA, Majid SR, Arof AK, Kajzar F, Pawlicka A. Gellan Gum-LiI gel polymer electrolytes. Mol Cryst Liq Cryst. 2012; 554(1): 232-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/15421406.2012.634344

Neto MJ, Sentanin F, Esperança JMSS, Medeiros MJ, Pawlicka A, de Zea Bermudez V, et al. Gellan gum - Ionic liquid membranes for electrochromic device application. Solid State Ion. 2015; 274: 64-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2015.02.011

Ren W, Ding C, Fu X, Huang Y. Advanced gel polymer electrolytes for safe and durable lithium metal batteries: Challenges, strategies, and perspectives. Energy Stor Mater. 2021; 34: 515-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2020.10.018

Arof AK, Amirudin S, Yusof SZ, Noor IM. A method based on impedance spectroscopy to determine transport properties of polymer electrolytes. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2014; 16(5): 1856-67. https://doi.org/10.1039/C3CP53830C

Careem MA, Noor ISM, Arof AK. impedance spectroscopy in polymer electrolyte characterization. In: Winie T, Arof AK, Thomas S, Eds. Polymer Electrolytes. Wiley; 2020; pp. 23-64. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527805457.ch2

Arof AK, Noor IM, Buraidah MH, Bandara TMWJ, Careem MA, Albinsson I, et al. Polyacrylonitrile gel polymer electrolyte based dye sensitized solar cells for a prototype solar panel. Electrochim Acta. 2017; 251: 223-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2017.08.129

Noor ISM. Characterization and transport properties of PVA-LiBOB based polymer electrolytes with application in dye sensitized solar cells. University of Malaya, Malaysia; 2016.

Ghanadzadeh Gilani A, Moghadam M, Ghorbanpour T. Dielectric study of H-bonded interactions in amyl alcohols with ketones and DMSO at T = 298.15 K. J Chem Thermodyn. 2017; 113: 263-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2017.06.020

Noor IS, Majid SR, Arof AK. Poly(vinyl alcohol)-LiBOB complexes for lithium-air cells. Electrochim Acta. 2013; 102: 149-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.04.010

Chowdhury FI, Buraidah MH, Arof AK, Mellander BE, Noor IM. Impact of tetrabutylammonium, iodide and triiodide ions conductivity in polyacrylonitrile based electrolyte on DSSC performance. Sol Energy. 2020; 196: 379-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2019.12.033

Abidin SZZ, Ali AMM, Hassan OH, Yahya MZA, Electrochemical studies on cellulose acetate-LiBOB polymer gel electrolytes. Int J Electrochem Sci. 2013; 8: 7320-6.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 N.M.A.C. Daud, N. Tamchek, I.M. NOOR