A Comparative Study of Soil Carbon Sequestration between a Deteriorated Rangeland and Pinus eldarica and Fraxinus rotundifolia Stands
Abstract - 80


Climate change
soil carbon sequestration
chitgar forest park of Tehran.

How to Cite

Behjou FK, Varamesh S. A Comparative Study of Soil Carbon Sequestration between a Deteriorated Rangeland and Pinus eldarica and Fraxinus rotundifolia Stands. Glob. J. Agric. Innov. Res. Dev [Internet]. 2014 Jan. 9 [cited 2023 Dec. 2];1(2):57-62. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/index.php/gjaird/article/view/165


Tehran as the capital city of Iran is one of the most populous cities that overpopulation and industrial improvement there have caused the great diffusion of greenhouse gases. However, forestation in deteriorated rangelands of this city can have a high potential to decrease the density of atmospheric CO2. This research was done in two stands of Pinus eldarica and Fraxinus rotundifolia and the adjacent deteriorated rangeland as control (blank), in Chitgar forest park of Tehran and soil carbon sequestration content was measured. In addition, the relationship between soil organic carbon (SOC) and some physicochemical factors of soil was determined. Results indicated that Pinus eldarica and Fraxinus rotundifolia stands caused the increment of soil carbon sequestration around 46.18 and 37.2 tons per hectare, respectively in comparison with adjacent deteriorated rangeland. The content of SOC in two mentioned stands was more in the first layer than that of the second layer but it was opposite in blank (control). The result of stepwise regression showed that sand was the most important factor, affecting SOC. According to the results of correlation analysis, there was a positive significant relationship between SOC and % silt and % sand and a negative significant relation between SOC and %clay and %gravel. The economic values of carbon sequestration increment in mentioned stands were calculated to be 13.9 and 2.5 million dollars, respectively. Our study showed that forestation is an effective land-use option to restore deteriorated lands of this area and have a high potential to alleviate global warming and climate change.


Silver WL, Ostertag R, Lugo AE. The potential for carbon sequestration through reforestation of abandoned tropical agricultural and pasture lands. Soc Ecol Restor 2000; 8: 394- 407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1526-100x.2000.80054.x

Pandey DN. Global climate change and carbon management in multifunctional forests. Curr Sci 2002; 83: 593-602.

Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma 2004; 123: 1-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.032

Dwyer JF, McPherson EG, Schroeder HW, Rowntree RA. Assessing the benefits and costs of the urban forest. J Arboriculture 1992; 18: 227-34.

Sedjo RA, Wisniewski J, Sample AV, Kinsman JD. The economics of managing carbon via forestry: assessment of existing studies. Environ Resour Econ 1995; 6:139-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00691681

Cannell MGR, et al. National inventories of terrestrial carbon sources and sinks: the UK experience. Climate Change 1999; 42: 505-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005425807434

Schlesinger WH. An overview of the carbon cycle. In: Lal R, Levine E, Kimble JM, Stewart BA, editors. Soils and global change. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press Inc 1995; p 9-25.

Amundson R. The carbon budget in soils. Ann Rev Earth Planetary Sci 2001; 29: 535-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.29.1.535

Varamesh S, Hosseini SM, Abdi N, Akbarinia M. Reduction of atmospheric carbon accumulation using forestation in ruined lands: Case study: chitgar forest park of Tehran. Environmental science and technology 2009; 34: 23-36. [In Persian with English summary].

Varamesh S, Hosseini SM, Abdi N. 2009. Comparison of Carbon Sequestration in Broad Leaved and Needle Leaved Species in Urban Forest: Case: Chitgar park of Tehran) [dissertation]. Tarbiat Modares University 130 p. [in Persian with English summary].

Saroa GS, Lal R. Soil restorative effects of mulching on aggregation and carbon sequestration in a Miamian soil in Central Ohio. Land Degrade Dev 2003; 14: 481-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.569

Birdsey RA. Carbon Storage and Accumulation in United States Forest Ecosystems. Washington (DC): USDA Forest Service 1992; 12 p. http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.94267

Barnes BV, Zak DR, Denton SR, Spurr SH. Forest ecology, 4th ed. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons Inc 1998; 56 p.

Bruce JP, Frome M, Haites E, Joanne H, Lal R, Faustion K. Carbon sequestration in soils. J Soil Water Cons First Quarter 1999.

Varamesh S, Hosseini SM, Abdi N. Potential of Urban Forest in greenhouse 2008.

Water and Watershed Management Jihad Institute. Development and sanitation of Chitgar forest park project 2002; 186.

Losi CJ, Siccama TG, Condit R, Morales JE. Analysis of alternative methods for estimating. Forest Ecol Manag 2003; 184: 355-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(03)00160-9

Maranona T, Ajbiloua R, Ojedab F, Arroyob J. Biodiversity of woody species in oak woodlands of southern Spain and northern Morocco. Forest Ecol Manag 1999; 115: 147-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00395-8

MacDicken KG. A guide to monitoring carbon storage in forestry and agroforestry projects. Arlington (VA): Winrock Internationl Institute for Agricultural Development 1997; 91 p.

Bouyoucos GJ. Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agron J 1962; 56: 464-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.0002196200540005002 8x

Bremner JM, Mulvaney CS. Nitrogen-total. In: Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney RR, editos. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. 2nd ed. Madison (WI): American Society of Agronomy 1982; 595-624.

Blake GR, Hartge KH. Bulk density. In: Klute A, editor. Methods of soil analysis. Madison (WI): ASA and SSSA 1986; p 363-76.

Allison LE. Organic carbon. In: Black CA, editor. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Madison (WI): American Society of Agronomy 1975; P 1367-78.

Fisher RF, Binkley D. Ecology and management of forest soils. 3rd ed Somerset (NJ): John Wiley and Sons Inc 2000; 489 p.

Stavins R, Richards KR. The Cost of US forest-based carbon sequestration. New York Arlington 2005; VA 22201: 52pp.

Kerckhoffs LHJ, Reid JB. Carbon sequestration in the standing biomass of orchard crops in New Zealand. Report prepared for Horticulture New Zealand Ltd. New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd. RD2 Hastings New Zealand 26 March 2007.

Hu YL, Zeng DH, Fan ZP, Chen GS, Zhao Q, Pepper D. Changes in ecosystem carbon stocks following grassland afforestation of semiarid sandy soil in the southeastern Keerqin Sandy Lands, China. J Arid Environ 2008; 282: 379- 386.

Cannel MCR, Dewar RC. The carbon sink provided by plantation forests and their products in Britain. Scotland, UK: Institute of Terrestrial Ecology 1993; 17 p.

Nosetto MD, Jobbagy EG, Paruelo JM. Carbon sequestration in semi-arid rangelandas: comparison of Pinus Ponderosa plantations and grazing exclusion in NW Patagonia. J Arid Environ 2006; 67: 142-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2005.12.008

Frank AB, Tanaka DL, Hofmann L, Follett RF. Soil carbon and nitrogen of Northern Great Plains grasslands as influenced by long-term grazing. J Range Manag 1995; 48(5): 470-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/4002255

Paul EA, Clark FE. Soil microbiology and biochemistry. 2nd ed. San Diego (CA): Academic Press 1996; 243pp.

Woomer DL, Tourc A. Sall: Carbon Stocks in Senegal's Sahel transition zone. Journal of Arid Environments 2004; 22: 134-147.

Garten CT. Soil carbon storage beneath recently established tree plantations in Tennessee and South Carolina, USA. Biomass Bioenerg 2002; 23: 93-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00033-8

Banfield GE, Bhatti JS, Jiang H, Apps MJ, Karjalainen T. Variability in regional scale estimates of carbon stocks in boreal forest ecosystems: results from west-central Alberta. For Ecol Manag 2002; 169: 15-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00292-X

Chandler Jr RF. Cation exchange properties of certain forest soils in the Adirondack section. J Agric Res 1939; 59: 491- 505.

Borchers JG, Perry DA. The influence of soil texture and aggregation on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in southwest Oregon forests and clear cuts. Can J For Res J 1992; 22: 298-305. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/x92-039

Lal R. Forest soils and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecol Manag 2005; 220: 242-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.08.015

Finer L. Variations in the amount and quality of litterfal in a Pinus sylvestris L. stand growing on a bog. Forst Ecol Manag 1996; 80: 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(95)03652-0

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2014 Farshad Keivan Behjou, Saeid Varamesh