Coexistence and Development Model of Multi-Minerals Dominated by Multilayer Magma Intrusion


Rich iron ore
Magmatic rock
Huanghebei Coalfield
Coal measure minerals

How to Cite

Lusheng Y, Wang D, Lijun S, Yuzhen Z, Zengxue L, Yongjun W. Coexistence and Development Model of Multi-Minerals Dominated by Multilayer Magma Intrusion: A Case Study of Huanghebei Coalfield in North China Basin. Glob. J. Earth Sci. Eng. [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 4 [cited 2022 Jun. 30];8:45-61. Available from:


The diversity of coal measure determines the occurrence state and spatial distribution complexity of mineral resources. Abundant resources have become an important part of geological resources and have attracted more and more attention. Coal measure and their overlying and underlying strata often coexist with various mineral resource types, and there is a certain relationship between their genesis and occurrence. In order to further enrich the theory of comprehensive exploration and coordinated development of multi-mineral resources, this paper takes the Huanghebei Coalfield as an example to systematically study the genesis mechanism and occurrence law of coal seam, coalbed methane, and coal-measure shale gas in Late Paleozoic and rich iron ore in Ordovician limestone underlie coal measure. The research is that: 1) The Late Paleozoic Carboniferous-Permian Marine facies, terrestrial facies, and transitional facies all developed in the coal-bearing area in the Huanghebei Coalfield, and the coal seams and mud shales developed well in Shanxi Formation and Taiyuan Formation. 2) Yanshanian magmatic intruded into Ordovician limestone. Contact metasomatism occurred between the ore-bearing hydrothermal fluids and the surrounding rocks, which led to skarn formation. The magnetite mineralization occurred in the metasomatism alteration process, and finally, the contact metasomatic iron deposit was formed; 3) Yanshanian magma intrusion has a significant impact on the generation of coal from coalbed methane and shale gas in the coal measures of Late Paleozoic. The magma carries a lot of heat by baking the coal seam and overlying shale, which is reflected explicitly in the increasing metamorphism degree of coal. Under the action of high temperature, the secondary gas of coal seam and coalbed methane increase sharply. The maturity and thermal evolution of organic matter in shale beds increased, and the shale gas entered a favorable range. The intrusion of magma greatly enhances the thermal evolution of organic matter in coal and shale, forming a variety of coals and promoting the generation and accumulation of coalbed methane and shale gas. At the same time, Mesozoic magmatic intrusion also controlled the formation of rich iron ores. According to the characteristics of mineral development and distribution in the study area, a multi-mineral development and distribution model of “coal - coalbed methane - shale gas - rich iron ore” coexists in the Huanghebei Coalfield, which is referred to as the “Huanghebei model”.


Li ZX, Wang DD, Lv DW, et al. Study progress on coal measure mineral type and coordinated exploration:discussion on conception standardized issues of coal geology. Coal Science and Technology 2018; 46(4): 164-176 201.

Qin P, Meng ZQ, Li YH, et al. Relationship of energy ore deposits in the same basin. Journal of Hebei Institute of Architecture and Technology 2005; (03): 76-78+86.

Ning SZ, Cao DY, Zhu SF, et al. Discussion on comprehensive evaluation technical method of coal resources. China Mining 2019; 28(01): 73-79.

Cao DY, Qin GH, Zhang Y, et al. Classification and combination relationship of mineral resources in coal measures. Journal of China Coal Society 2016; 41(9): 2150-2155.

Liu CY, Zhang FX, Gao F. Sedimentary basin reservoir-forming/mineralization system. Geology of China 2007; (03): 365-374.

Wang HH, Shen LJ, Wang DD, et al. Study on Paleozoic Magmatic Intrusion and Paleozoic Multi-mineral Genesis Mechanism in Huanghebei Coalfield Shandong Province. Coal Geology and Exploration 2020; 1-11.

Zhang SM, Li ZX, Wang L, et al. Huanghebei Coalfield's Carboniferous-Permian's Shanxi Formation Depositional Character [J]. The horizon of science and technology,2012, (25): 33-36.

Lv DW, Chen JT, Li ZX, et al. Controlling Factors Accumulation Model and Target Zone Prediction of the Coal-bed Methane in the Huanghebei Coalfield North China[J]. Resource Geology 2014; 64(4):

Li Y, Li ZX, Wang HH, et al. The characteristics of hydrocarbon generation reserving performances of fine-grained rock and preservation conditions of coal measure shale gas of an epicontinental sea basin: A case study of the Late Palaeozoic shale gas in the Huanghebei Area of Western Shandong[J]. Energy Exploration & Exploitation 2019; 37(1):

Zhang SM, Li ZZ, Li W, et al. Depositional Characteristics of Carboniferous-Permian Taiyuan Formation in Huanghebei Coalfield Shandong Province. Acta Geographica Sinica 2008; (04): 414-426.

Sun YZ, Puttmann W, Kalkreuth W, et al. Petrologic and geochemical characteristics of seam 9-3 and seam 2 Xingtai Coalfifield Northern China. International Journal of Coal Geology 2002; 49(4): 251-262.

Sun YZ, Zhao CL, Qin SJ, et al. Occurrence of some valuable elements in the unique 'high-aluminum coals' from the Jungar Coalfield China. Ore Geology Review 2016; 72: 659-668.

Sun YZ, Zhao CL, Puttmann W, et al. Evidence of widespread wildfires in a coal seam from the middle Permian of the North China Basin. Lithosphere 2017; 9(4): 595-608.

Zhu YZ, Zhou ML, Gao ZJ, et al. The discovery of the Qihe-Yucheng skarn type rich iron deposit in Shandong and its exploration significance. Chinese Geological Bulletin 2018; 37(05): 938-944.

Chen SY, Liu HJ, Carboniferous-Permian lithofacies and Paleogeographic in the eastern part of the North China platform. China Regional Geology 1997; (04): 44-51.

Zhou ML, Yin LS, Shao YB, et al. The Enrichment Conditions and Resource Potential of Marine Continental Transitional Coal Measure Shale Gas: A Case Study of the Permo-Carboniferous System in the Huanghebei Coalfield of North China. Global Journal of Earth Science and Engineering 2020; 7: 22-36.

Han DX, The 9th International Conference on Carboniferous Strata and Geology [J]. Coal Science and Technology 1980; (04): 56-57+53.

Li JW, Zhao XF, Zhou MF, et al. Late Mesozoic magmatism from the Daye region eastern China: U-Pb ages petrogenesis and geodynamic implications. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2009; 157: 383-409.

Xie GQ, Mao JW, Zhu QQ, et al. Geochemical constraints on Cu-Fe and Fe skarn deposits in the Edong district Middle-Lower Yangtze River metallogenic belt China. Ore Geology Review 2015; 64: 425-444.

Liu SL, Guo JP. Igneous Rock Features and Its Influence on Coal Seam and Coal Quality of Huanghebei Coalfield Shandong Province. China Coalfield Geology 2003; (06): 19-20.

Liu GJ. Basic Characteristics of magmatic intrusions in the HuangHebei Coalfield. China Coalfield Geology 1994; (02): 30-34.

Chen Y, Zhang ZC. Study on Source Transport and the Enrichment Mechanism of Iron in Iron Skarn Deposits. Rock Ore Test 2012; 31(05): 889-897.

Li SZ, Suo YH, Li XY, et al. Mesozoic tectono-magmatic response in the East Asian ocean-continent connection zone to subduction of the Paleo-Pacific Plate. Earth-Science Reviews 2019; 192:

Song MC, Jin ZZ, Wang LL, et al. New Discovery of the Contact Relation between Eclogite and Country Rocks in Guanshan. Eastern Shandong and Its Enlightenment for Chronology. Acta Geologica Sinica (02): 238-244+295.

Wang YX, Xie HJ, Li DD, et al. Prospecting prediction of ore concentration area exemplified by Qingchengzi Pb-Zn-Au-Ag ore concentration area eastern Liaoning Province. Geology of Ore Deposits 2017; 36(01): 1-24.

Gray AL. Solid Sample Introduction by Laser Ablation for Inductively Coupled Plasma Source Mass Spectrometry. Analyst 1985; 110(5): 551-556.

Hao XZ, Dai JR, Zhang CC, et al. Geological Model for Prospecting and Prediction of Skarn Type Iron Deposits in Qihe-Yucheng Area. Shandong Land Resources 2019; 35(12): 16-22.

Deng XD, Li JW, Wen G. Dating iron skarn mineralization using hydrothermal allanite-(La) U-Th-Pb isotopes by laser ablation ICP-MS[J]. Chemical Geology 2014; 95-110.

Deng XD, Li JW, Wen G. U-Pb Geochronology of Hydrothermal Zircons from the Early Cretaceous Iron Skarn Deposits in the Handan-Xingtai District North China Craton. Economic Geology 2015; 110(8): 2159-2180.

Deng XD, Li JW, Luo T, et al. Dating magmatic and hydrothermal processes using andradite-rich garnet U-Pb geochronometry [J]. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2017; 172(9): 1-11.

Li JW, Vasconcelos PM, Zhou MF, et al. Longevity of magmatic-hydrothermal systems in the Daye Cu-Fe-Au District eastern China with implications for mineral exploration. Ore Geology Reviews 2014; 57: 375-392.

Zhou XM, Sun T, Shen WZ, et al. Petrogenesis of Mesozoic granitoids and volcanic rocks in South China: A response to tectonic evolution[J]. EPISODES JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL GEOSCIENCE 2006; 29(1): 26-33.

Zhai MG. Tectonic evolution and metallogenesis of North China Craton. Mineral Deposits 2010; (1): 24-36.

Hao XZ, Zheng JM, Liu W, et al. Metallogenic Prognosis of Skarn-type Iron Ore Deposits in Qihe-Yucheng Area Shandong Province. Acta Geographica Sinica 2020; 41(02): 293-302.

Buchardt B, Lewan MD. Reflectance of vitrinite-like macerals as a thermal maturity index for Cambrian-Ordovician Alum Shale southern Scandinavia. AAPG Bull 1990; 74: 394-406.

Mukhopadhyay PK. Vitrinite reflectance as a maturity parameter: Petrographic and molecular characterization and its applications to basin modeling. In: Dow W.G. (Ed.) Mukhopadhyay P.K. Vitrinite Reflflectance as A Maturity Parameter Applications and Limitations 1994; pp. 1-24.

Taylor GH, Teichmüller M, Davis A, et al. Organic Petrology. Gebrüder Borntraeger Berlin-Stuttgart 1998; 704 p.

McCartney JT, Teichmüller M. Classification of coals according to the degree of coalification by reflectance of the vitrinite component. Fuel 1972; 51: 64-68.

Hackley PC, Cardott BJ. Application of organic petrography in North American shale petroleum systems: A review. International Journal of Coal Geology 2016; 163(8): 51.

Decc C. The Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources of Britain's Onshore Basins Coalbed Methane (CBM). HM Government Department of Energy and Climate Change London 2013.

Smith N, Turner P, Williams G. UK data and analysis for shale gas prospectevity. In: Vining. B.A. & Pickering S.C. (eds) Petroleum Geology: From Mature Basins to New Frontiers Proceedings of the 7th Petroleum Geology Conference. Geological Society London 2011; 1087-1098 https://doi. org/10.1144/0071087.

Department of Science and Technology Coal Industry Association. Coal Industry Standard Catalogue of People's Republic of China [M]. Beijing: China Coal Industry Press 2010 (in Chinese).

Bishop A, Abbott GD. The interrelationship of biological marker maturity parameters and molecular yields during contact metamorphism. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 1993; 57: 3661-3668. 0016-7037(93)90147-O

Bishop AN, Abbott GD, Vitrinite reflectance and molecular geochemistry of Jurassic sediments: the influence of heating by Tertiary dykes (northwest Scotland). Organic Geochemistry 1995; 22: 165-177. https://doi. org/10.1016/0146-6380(95)90015-2.

Bai ZH, Shi B H, Zuo XM. Study on shale gas and its aggregation mechanism. Natural Gas and Oil 2011; 29(3): 54-58. (Chinese)

Zhao WZ, Wang HJ, Wang ZY, et al. The connotation of high efficiency gas accumulation and its study significance in China. Natural Gas Industry 2014; 12: 6-14. (Chinese)

Zhang LF. Analysis of the Principle and Controlled Factors of Discharge and Mining Technology for Coalbed Methane. Energy and Energy Conservation 2018; (02): 34-35.

Peng JN, Fu XM. Geological control law of CBM accumulation in east area of Panxie. Natural Gas Geoscience 2007; 18: 568-570.

Fan SY, Wei HX, Fan QW. Exploiting prospect of coal bed gas in North of the Huanghe River Zhangqiu and Zibo Coalfields. Coal Geol. China 2001; 13: 27-28 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Sang SX, Fan BH, Jiang B, Fu XH. Study on sequence stratigraphy applied to coalbed methane resource assessment. J. China Coal Soc 2002; 27: 13-117 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Othman R, Arouri KR, Ward CR, Mckirdy DM. Oil generation by igneous intrusions in the northern Gunnedah Basin Australia. Organic Geochemistry 2001; 32(10): 1219-32.

Wan CL, Jin Q. Study on exceptional hydrocarbons generating and eliminating of gabbros to source rocks in Chunxi Area of Dongying depression. Journal of Chang 'an University 2003; 25(1): 20-5.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Yin Lusheng, Dongdong Wang, Shen Lijun, Zhu Yuzhen, Li Zengxue, Wang Yongjun