Structural Evolution Properties of Cu-25 wt %Sn Alloy During Ball Milling

Authors

  • Hüseyin Arslan Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Avsar Campus 46100 Kahramanmaras, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15377/2409-5826.2014.01.01.4

Keywords:

Mechanical alloying, phase transitions, martensitic transformation, ball milling, Cu-Sn alloys.

Abstract

In the present study, Cu-25 wt %Sn alloy samples were prepared by the mechanical alloying process using planetary high-energy ball mill. The alloy formation and different physical properties associated with their formations were investigated as a function of milling times of 0, 10, 20, 70, 80, 100, 120, 150 and 200 h by means of the x-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). After milling time of 80 h, the complete formation of martensite transformation is observed. When milling time increases from 70 to 120 h, the grain size decreases from 20.8 to 8.6 nm, while the strain increases from 4.73 % to 7.59 %. It is inferred that the martensite volume fraction increases from 30 to 55 % when milling time increases from 20 to 200 h. Moreover, by using SEM the grain morphologies at different formation stages during ball milling are observed.

Author Biography

Hüseyin Arslan, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Avsar Campus 46100 Kahramanmaras, Turkey

Department of Physics, Science and Letter Faculty

References

Skorokhod VV, Solonin YuM, Uvarova IV. Chemical diffusion and rheological processes in technology of powdermatarials. Naukova Dumka, Kiev 1990; 247.

Skorokhod VV, Uvarova IV, Ragulya AV. Physico-chemical kinetics in nanostructured systems. Academperiodica, Kiev 2001.

Bykov AI, Polotai AV, Ragulya AV, Skorokhod VV. Synthesis and sintering of nanocrystalline barium titanate powder under nanoisothermal conditions. Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics 2000; 7(8): 88-98.

Koval'chenko MS, PetrykinaRYa, Samsonov GV. Densification of niobium powder in hot pressing.Poroshk. Metall 1969; 9: 5-9.

Koval'chenko MS, Ochkas LF. Creep in the hot pressing of titanium carbide powder. Poroshk. Metall 1973; 1: 28-37.

Koval'chenko MS, Mai MM. Creep in the hot pressing of titanium diboride powder. Poroshk. Metall 1973; 8: 23-27.

Dogan A, Arslan H. Effect of ball-milling conditions on microstructure during production of Fe-20Mn-6Si-9Cr shape memory alloy powders by mechanical alloying. J Therm Anal Calorim 2012; 109: 933-938. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-011-1809-x

Benjamin JS. US Patent US3 660 049. May 2. 1972.

Benjamin JS. British patent 1 298 944. December 6. 1972.

Suñol JJ, Fort J. Materials developed by mechanical alloying and melt spinning, International Review of PHYSICS, 2008; 2: 31-35.

Suryanarayana C. Mechanical Alloying and Milling. Prog Mater Sci 2001; 46: 1-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6425(99)00010-9

Cortie MB, Mavrocordatos CE. Thedecomposition of the bata phase in thecopper-tin system. Metal Trans 1991; 22 A: 11-18.

Zhu M, Fecht HJ. Softening effect in nanocrystalline Fe-Cu supersaturated solid solutions. Nanostr Mater 1995; 6: 921-935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0965-9773(95)00210-3

Zhang FL, Wang CY, Zhu M. Nanostructured WC/Co composite powder prepared by high energy ball milling. Scripta Mater 2003; 49: 1123-1128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2003.08.009

Davis RM, Koch CC. Mechanical alloying of brittle components: Silicon and germanium. Scripta Metall 1987; 21: 305-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0036-9748(87)90218-3

Yang Y, Zhu Y, Li Q, Ma X, Dong Y, Chuang Y. A Mössbauer Study on the Mechanically Alloyed Cu-Sn Alloys. J Mater Sci Technol 1998; 14(6): 551-554.

Hong LB, Bansal C, Fultz B. Steady state grain size and thermal stability of nanophase Ni3Fe and Fe3X (X = Si, Zn, Sn) synthesized by ball milling at elevated temperatures. Nanostructured Materials 1994; 4(8): 949-956. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0965-9773(94)90101-5

Kennon NF, Bowles JS. The crystallography of the B.C.C. to orthorhombic ??1 martensite transformation in copper-tin alloys. Acta Met 1969; 17: 373-380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(69)90017-0

Yuasa M, Kajikawa K, Hakamada M, Mabuchi M. A superelastic nanocrystalline Cu- Sn alloy thin film processed by electroplating. Materials Letters. 2008; 62(29): 4473-4475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2008.08.008

Ipser H, Flandorfer H, Luef C, Schmetterer C, Saeed U. Thermodynamics and phase diagrams of lead-free solder materials. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 2007; 18(1): 3-17.

Flandorfer H, Saeed U, Luef C, Sabbar A, Ipser H. Interfaces in lead-free solder alloys: Enthalpy of formation of binary Ag- Sn, Cu-Sn and Ni-Sn intermetallic compounds. Thermochim Acta 2007; 459: 34-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2007.04.004

Lü L, Lai MO. Mechanical Alloying, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 1998, p.26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5509-4

Nouri A, Hodgson PD, Wen C. Effect of ball-milling time on the structural characteristics of biomedical porous Ti-Sn-Nb alloy. Mater Sci Engineer C 2001; 31(5): 921-928. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2011.02.011

Liu DH, Liu Y, Zhao DP, Wang Y, Fang JH, Wen YR, Liu ZM.Effect of ball milling time on microstructures and mechanical properties of mechanically-alloyed iron-based materials. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc China 2010; 20(5): 831-838. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1003-6326(09)60222-3

Tong YX, Liu Y, Miao JM, Zhao LC. Characterization of a nanocrystalline Ni-Ti-Hf high temperature shape memory alloy thin film.Scr Mater 2005; 52(10): 983-987. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2005.01.030

Guilemany JM, Gil F. Determination of the relationship between Ms and As transformation temperatures and chemical composition for Cu-Al-Zn-Mn shape memory alloys. J Mater Res Bull 1990; 25: 1325-1332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0025-5408(90)90092-G

Suzuki T, Shimono M, Wuttig M. Martensitic transformation in micrometer crystals compared with that in nanocrystal. Scr Mater. 2001; 44(8-9): 1979-1982. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-6462(01)00824-7

Otubo J, Nascimento FC, Mei PR, Cardoso LP, Kaufman MJ. Influence of austenite grain size on mechanical properties of stainless SMA. Materials Transact ions 2002; 43(5): 916-919. http://dx.doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.43.916

Downloads

Published

2014-10-17

How to Cite

1.
Hüseyin Arslan. Structural Evolution Properties of Cu-25 wt %Sn Alloy During Ball Milling. J. Adv. Therm. Sci. Res. [Internet]. 2014Oct.17 [cited 2021Sep.26];1(1):25-31. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/jms/index.php/jatsr/article/view/88

Issue

Section

Articles