Numerical Simulation of High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell Performance under Different Key Operating and Design Parameters

Authors

  • Ahmed Mohmed Dafalla Guangdong Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China
  • Jinxiang Liu Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Nana Wang Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • A.S. Abdalla Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Fangming Jiang Guangdong Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15377/2409-5826.2020.07.1

Keywords:

HT-PEM fuel cell, Modeling, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Electrode porosity, Permeation rate.

Abstract

The negative environmental impacts of internal combustion engines have changed the interest of scientists towards fuel cell engines. Using Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell operating under higher temperature solves some of the well-known low temperature problems. In this study, a numerical simulation has been carried out using a three-dimensional model in COMSOL to evaluate the performance of high temperature PEM (HT-PEM) fuel cell under different conditions. The obtained polarization curve for selected voltage was compared with published experimental data, and it shows a good agreement. The simulation results in terms of reactants (hydrogen and oxygen) concentrations and water production on the anode and cathode sides is presented. The influences of some key parameters on HT-PEM fuel cell performance were investigated. It was found that as the temperature and pressure increase, the performance of the HT-PEM fuel cell improves. The enhanced reaction rate and a better supply of reactants were observed to have a positive influence on HT-PEM fuel cell performance. Additionally, the results show that considering a higher permeation rate on the gas diffusion layer can enhance the performance of the fuel cell. This work provides a guideline to design and optimize a HT-PEM fuel cell with a better capability.

Author Biographies

Ahmed Mohmed Dafalla, Guangdong Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China

Laboratory of Advanced Energy Systems, CAS Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy

Jinxiang Liu, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China

School of Mechanical Engineering

Nana Wang, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China

School of Mechanical Engineering

A.S. Abdalla, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China

School of Mechanical Engineering

Fangming Jiang, Guangdong Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China

Laboratory of Advanced Energy Systems, CAS Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy

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Published

2020-12-04

How to Cite

1.
Ahmed Mohmed Dafalla, Jinxiang Liu, Nana Wang, A.S. Abdalla, Fangming Jiang. Numerical Simulation of High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell Performance under Different Key Operating and Design Parameters. J. Adv. Therm. Sci. Res. [Internet]. 2020Dec.4 [cited 2021Sep.26];7(1):1-10. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/jms/index.php/jatsr/article/view/869

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