Preparation and Properties of Foaming Agent for Air Foam Flooding
Keywords:Foaming agent, air foam flooding, foaming property, foam stability, resistance factor, oil displacement efficiency.
In order to meet the requirements of air foam flooding in Dagang Gangdong Oilfield, two kinds of foaming agents, GFPA-1 and GFPA-2, were prepared by sulfonation, neutralization and high-temperature hydrolysis of α-olefins with different carbon chain lengths in the laboratory. The test results of foaming agents for its properties showed that when the concentration of foaming agent was over 0.5%, the initial foaming volumes of the two foaming agent systems were more than 500mL, and the foam half-life of GFPA-2 was about 3.5 hours, obviously longer than that of GFPA-1. Therefore, GFPA-2 was selected as the foaming agent for air foam flooding. The experimental results of static adsorption, plugging and core displacement performance of GFPA-2 foaming agent showed that the initial foaming volume of GFPA-2 foaming agent could still maintain 500mL after 48 hours of adsorption at a concentration of 0.5%, and when the ratio of gas to liquid was 1: 1, the resistance factor was more than 50. When a 0.4% foaming agent was injected with 0.35 PV slug, the displacement efficiency of air foaming flooding was 17.4% higher than that of water flooding.
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