Application of the TEWI Methodology to a Desiccant Cooling System Interacting with a Microcogenerator
Keywords:Total equivalent warming impact, desiccant cooling system, microcogenerator, electricity production mix, global warming potential.
Desiccant cooling systems, supplied by fossil or renewable fuels, represent a very interesting alternative to conventional electric units based on cooling dehumidification for air conditioning purposes, as they can achieve significant energy and emissions savings. The analysis of environmental impact of energy conversion devices, e.g. in terms of global warming effect, is usually limited to energy-related emissions (indirect contribution), neglecting direct greenhouse gas emissions related to working fluids, such as refrigerants. The Total Equivalent Warming Impact (TEWI) is a more comprehensive methodology, as it takes into account both direct and an indirect contributions to global warming. In this paper, this method is applied to a small scale trigeneration system, in which a microcogenerator, a chiller and a boiler interact with a hybrid desiccant-based cooling system, equipped with a silica-gel desiccant wheel. This trigeneration system is compared with other two systems, in order to assess its potentiality in terms of TEWI reduction. The different direct and indirect contributions of the several equipment are evaluated, and the share of the direct contribution is investigated, considering both the overall TEWI of the complete system, and that of the electric vapour compression device only. Finally, the effect of the greenhouse gas emissions of the electricity production mix and of different values of the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of the refrigerant fluid on the overall TEWI of the three compared systems is investigated.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Giovanni Angrisani, Filippo de Rossi, Carlo Roselli, Maurizio Sasso
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