A Unique View on Carbon Dioxide Emissions around the World


Carbon dioxide, CO2 emission, Environmental pollution, Fossil fuels, Global warming.

How to Cite

Sohaib J. Mohammed, G. Ali Mansoori. A Unique View on Carbon Dioxide Emissions around the World. Glob. J. Earth Sci. Eng. [Internet]. 2017Jul.21 [cited 2022Jan.16];4(1):8-17. Available from: https://www.avantipublishers.com/jms/index.php/gjese/article/view/732


 Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission substantially contributes to the global warming. Its anthropogenic effects accounts for about two-third of the overall environmental pollutions. Fossil fuels (coal, petroleum and natural gas) combustion is responsible for most of the human-made CO2 release. In this article, we present and compare, in several new and unique ways, the CO2 emission in selected populated countries in all continents, which are known as highly active in fossil and/or renewable energy production / use. They include Algeria, Australia, Brazil, China, Iraq, Italy and USA. We also include the State of Illinois, USA, which is the outmost active state in fossil and renewable energy production and use, and is a pioneer state in dealing with carbon dioxide control and sequestration. By comparing the above regions with the related data of the entire world it reveals a great deal about the activities going on around the world. This may provide policymakers and environmentalists a more proper roadmap in dealing with carbon dioxide emission control policy and planning.


Ramanathan V, Feng Y. On avoiding dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system: Formidable challenges ahead. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2008; 105(38): 14245-14250. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0803838105

Wigley TML. The climate change commitment. Science 2005; 307(5716): 1766-1769. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1103934

Friedlingstein P, Solomon S. Contributions of past and present human generations to committed warming caused by carbon dioxide. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2005; 102(31): 10832-10836. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0504755102

Harnisch J, de Jager D, Gale J, Stobbe O. Halogenated compounds and climate change. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2002; 9(6): 369-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02987583

United States environmental protection agency. Climate change indicators: Atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases. [Updated 2015 August; cited 2017 January 2

NASA 2017. NASA, NOAA data show 2016 warmest year on record globally. [Updated 2017 January 18; cited 2017 February 13

Earth system research laboratory. Global monitoring division. www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/ (accessed at 2/5/2017).

Mansoori GA. Where do we stand with fossil fuels? (A global perspective)", FLASHPOINT, 5(1): 4-5, Spring 1994.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate change 2014 mitigation of climate: Change working group III contribution to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. London: Cambridge University Press (2014). Available from: www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessmentreport/ ar5/wg3/ipcc_wg3_ar5_full.pdf.

International energy agency. CO2 emissions from fuel combustion. [Updated 2016 Dec., 2016; cited 2017 Jan. 14

Leduc M, Matthews HD, de Elía R. Regional estimates of the transient climate response to cumulative CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change. 2016 Jan 4. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2913

Mansoori GA, Enayati N, Agyarko LB. Energy: Sources, Utilization, Legislation, Sustainability, Illinois as Model State, 1st ed. World Sci. Pub. Co & Imperial College Pres 2016.

Agyarko LB, Mansoori GA. Non-renewable energy options in Illinois. Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Techno 2013; 6(3): 288-347. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJOGCT.2013.052246

Richardson K, Steffen W. Schellnhuber HJ. Synthesis Report from Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions 2009. International Scientific Congress on Climate Change, Copenhagen (2009). University of Copenhagen (2009); pp. 11.

Global Carbon Atlas. CO2 Emissions. www.globalcarbonatlas. org/ en/CO2-emissions. (accessed January 15, 2017).

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The Physical Science Basis-Working Group I Contribution to IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. London: Cambridge University Press (2008). Available from: www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessmentreport/ ar4/syr/ar4_syr_full_report.pdf.

Schneider J, Boggs J. America's dirtiest power plantspolluters on a global scale. Environment America Research & Policy Center, Boston 2014.

Baumert KA, Herzog T, Pershing J. Navigating the numbers: Greenhouse gas data and international climate policy. World Resources Inst; 2005 Dec 30.

U.S. Energy Information Administration. International Energy Outlook 2016. US government; [Updated 2016 May; cited 2017 Jan. 2

Elzen M, Fekete H, Höhne N, Admiraal A, Forsell N, Hof AF, Olivier JGJ, Roelfsema M, Soest H. Greenhouse gas emissions from current and enhanced policies of China until 2030: Can emissions peak before 2030?. Energy Policy 2016; 89: 224-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2015.11.030

International Energy Agency. World Energy Outlook 2012. [Updated 2012 Nov. 12; cited 2017 Jan. 4

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (August 2015), Fact Sheet: Overview of the Clean Power Plan. US government; [Updated 2015 August; cited 2016 December 13

Raich JW, Schlesinger WH. The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate. Tellus B 1992; 44(2): 81-99. https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v44i2.15428

Pidcock R. Scientists shed light on Greenland glacier melt - and what it means for sea level rise. UK. [Updated 2013 May 8: cited 2017 February 4

Changnon SA, Kunkel KE, Reinke BC. Impacts and responses to the 1995 heat wave: a call to action. Bulletin of the Am. Meteorological Soc 1996; 77(7): 1497-1506. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520- 0477(1996)077<1497:IARTTH>2.0.CO;2

Robine JM, Cheung SLK, Le Roy S, Van Oyen H, Griffiths C, Michel JP, Herrmann FR. Death toll exceeded 70,000 in Europe during the summer of 2003. Comptes Rendus Biologies 2008; 331(2): 171-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crvi.2007.12.001

Rochelle CA, Camps AP, Long D, Milodowski A, Bateman K, Gunn D, Jackson P, Rees J. Can CO2 hydrate assist in the underground storage of carbon dioxide?. Geol. Soc., London, Special Pub. 2009; 319(1): 171-183. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP319.1

Oelkers EH, Gislason SR, Matter J. Mineral carbonation of CO2. Elements 2008; 4(5): 333-337. https://doi.org/10.2113/gselements.4.5.333

Chen WY, Seiner J. Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation. 2nd edition. Springer 2011.

Fauth DJ, Soong Y, White CM. Carbon sequestration utilizing industrial solid residues. Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Series, Div. Fuel Chem 2002; 47(1): 37-38.

Yamin F. Climate Change and Carbon Markets: A Handbook of Emissions Reduction Mechanisms. Routledge, Ltd. 2005.

Phillips J, Maxson A. Research and development for future coal generation Power Magazine 2011, Houston, TX.